In this article on Intelligent Automation in Industry 5.0, I will explain how Intelligent Automation supports the principles of Industry 5.0
Since its emergence on December 1, 2015, Industry 5.0 has successfully saved over 350.000 Metric Tons from being managed as waste.
Evidently, INDUSTRY 5.0 is named by its father, Mr. Michael Rada, as INDUSTRIAL UPCYCLING.
According to its founder, Industry 5.0 is not the fifth industrial revolution. Rather, it is the first industrial evolution ever, led by humans that aims to protect the environment. Also, the founder of Industry 5.0 emphasizes the 6R methodology – Recognize, Reconsider, Realize, Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle.
Industry 5.0 aims at bringing further efficiency in the manufacturing process by involving AI and Automation and thereby eliminating process waste. By all means, Industry 5.0 brings together robots and human workers. Therefore, the robots will actually support human workers instead of eliminating them. In fact, Intelligent Automation in Industry 5.0 will lead to the creation of processes that enable the usage of the right amount of material as well as the right amount of human efforts.
It is important to realize that the fourth industrial revolution or Industry 4.0 aims for the cyber-physical systems (CPS) where robots carry out manufacturing processes in a more efficient manner as compared to their human counterparts. As a result, the need for human workers decline, and products have become cheaper. Further, it resulted in a huge quantity of finished goods that may not be all utilized. Therefore, the amount of waste at all levels, whether it is the factory, retail shops, or household is increased. In contrast, Industry 5.0 brings back human works to the factory.
How Intelligent Automation is supporting Industry 5.0?
In fact, Industry 5.0 creates a smart manufacturing system that also leads to research and development. Accordingly, we can identify the following elements that can help in realizing Industry 5.0
Processes and Subsystems
- Digitally connected subsystems are required to connect the entire supply chain and various manufacturing processes.
- The network of Sensors and Smart Devices perform the collection of Big Data faster so that efficient analysis and customization becomes possible.
- Data Analysis and Visualization is also a part of Industry 5.0 since it helps in determining the exact needs of the customers. Furthermore, visualization helps in determining the future needs of the customers and helps the managers in formulating policies.
- In fact, Robots are an integral part of Industry 5.0 since they collaboratively work with human workers rather than as competitors.
Machine Learning and AI
- Machine Learning and AI is a most important component of the Industry 5.0 since it enables creating the self-learning robots. Basically, a self-learning robot is a companion of the human worker and therefore also called the cobot. While the human worker performs a task, the cobot watches it and learns the task. Equipped with a camera and running the AI and machine learning algorithms, the cobot learns the task and helps in the process.
- Virtual and Augmented Reality enables virtual training in a factory environment and therefore helps in creating a skilled workforce.
- Additive Manufacturing like 3D, 4D, and 5D Printing enables sustainable manufacturing solutions and helps in producing the customized products.
Hence it is possible to reduce the physical waste, process waste, and also social waste substantially if automation is applied appropriately in manufacturing operations.
Hence, the companies and society can reap several benefits by implementing Industry 5.0 and some of these benefits are listed below.
- Automation in all manufacturing processes with the use of AI (Artificial Intelligence) and Machine Learning.
- Improved efficiency and productivity will less wastage of resources.
- Personalization of products to meet the customers’ needs.
- Another key point about Industry 5.0 is the involvement of highly capable self-learning robots in the manufacturing process.
Even though Industry 5.0 is a promising strategy, still there are certain challenges to overcome. Firstly, there is a skill gap among the current factory workers. Secondly, the workforce may find it difficult to adapt to the new technology. Finally, the ethical behavior of self-learning robots must be taken into consideration.
Industry 5.0 works towards reducing wastes at several levels. Also, it will create more jobs rather than taking them away. This article on Intelligent Automation in Industry 5.0 discusses some important aspects of Industry 5.0. It also discusses the role of AI and automation in the manufacturing process. Also, there are certain challenges for Industry 5.0 which this article highlights.
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